Over the last few years I’ve made it my mission to learn how to make the softest, fluffiest, chewiest, naturally leavened and fermented bread with my fifteen year old sourdough starter.
This easy sourdough boule is the result of much practice and formula testing. I wanted to keep the recipe very simple and straightforward so that even an amateur sourdough baker could reproduce this bread with beautiful results! If you follow my recipe and learn the technique from watching my video you will definitely be able to master baking an artisan sourdough boule at home in your Dutch oven.
Are you interested in the science of sourdough?
I’ve written a comprehensive guide to sourdough. It answers questions about what sourdough is, why it’s better for your body, how to talk about sourdough and understand common terminology, and how to save yourself years of trial and error.
Demystifying Sourdough – Everything You’ve Ever Wanted To Know About Sourdough Starter – Why It’s Better For You – And How To Start One
One of the first steps to making great bread is having a great starter!
Learn how to feed your starter for optimal performance and successful baking in my easy visual guide,
Once you’ve mastered the sourdough basics you will be ready to bake an incredible loaf of bread like this one.
This recipe uses the stretch and fold method of kneading.
What I love about stretch and fold,
- It’s easy.
- It can be done over a period of time and at your own pace.
- It develops an insane amount of gluten, making your bread reach for the clouds with the absolute BEST oven spring.
- It’s flexible (Only have time for two stretch and folds? No problem, you will still have an awesome bake!).
- It can be done in the bowl, keeping your workspace clean.
- You don’t need a stand mixer, stretch and fold is a “by hand” method, uniting you to your food!
This video will walk you through the steps of the recipe and stretch and fold method.
The 7 most important tools to help you achieve a perfect sourdough boule in your Dutch oven.
Click on the photo to be taken directly to the product I recommend.
- Baking scale
2. Covered bowl for mixing and proofing
3. Dough whisk or wooden spoon
5. Parchment paper
6. Bread lame for scoring
7. Dutch Oven or fancy Bread Cloche
- Weigh all ingredients into a glass or ceramic bowl.
- Mix the ingredients into a loose shaggy dough with a wooden spoon or dough whisk.
- Wet your hands and gently knead the dough in the bowl by hand until it comes together with no excess flour.
- Let the dough rest covered for 10-15 minuets.
- Start the first stretch and fold by wetting your hands and lifting one side of the dough and folding it toward the middle. Repeat this stretch and fold process in all four directions.
- Sometimes you can get away with an extra one or two folds depending on the elasticity of the dough. It it wants to stretch, stretch it! If it's tearing or breaking it needs a rest!
- Let the dough rest for 10 minutes.
- Start the second stretch and fold by wetting your hands and repeating the same folding motion in (at least) all four directions.
- Let the dough rest for 10 minutes.
- Repeat the stretch and fold and resting process up to 5 more times for a total of 7 stretch and folds (or as many as you are able). I have made great bread by just just doing two stretch and folds. But remember, the more stretching and folding, the more gluten will develop, and the higher your bread will rise!
- After the last stretch and fold cover the dough and allow it to double in size. This can take anywhere from 3-6 hours depending on starter strength and ambient temperature.
- Prepare your banneton (proofing basket) with a coating of flour. My trick is to use sprouted wheat flour. Sprouted wheat does not develop gluten so it will keep the bread from sticking to the basket. Rice flour, buckwheat or other non glutenous flour can also be used.
- Working with the doubled dough, start the final stretch and fold. This will act as the "punch down" of the dough, deflating the gasses trapped inside the gluten network. Stretch the dough several times toward the center, each time pressing down on the dough to remove air bubbles.
- Let the dough rest for 10 minutes.
- Lightly wet your hands and remove the dough from the proofing bowl onto your work surface. Shape the dough by repeating the same folding toward the center action. Once a tight ball is achieved flip it seam side down and push it gently in all directions across the work surface to build tension in the outer layer. (please see attached video)
- Let the dough rest seam side down for 5 minutes.
- Transfer the dough to the banneton basket. This time you want the seam to be up and the tight surface to be down in the basket.
- Sprinkle the seam side of the shaped dough with a light dusting of flour and cover it securely with wrap and a rubber band.
- Place the banneton basket in the refrigerator overnight for at least 10 hours. 12-24 hours is my preferred proofing time.
- Once the dough has crested the edge of the banneton it is ready to bake. But you may keep it in the refrigerator for a longer period of time.
- Preheat your oven to 450° with your covered Dutch oven inside!
- Cut a piece of parchment paper big enough to overhang your loaf's circumference by a few inches.
- Remove the banneton from the refrigerator, remove the wrap from the dough and place the parchment sheet over the exposed dough. Hold the parchment in place with your hand while you flip the dough onto the counter. Now the parchment is on the bottom.
- Carefully ease the banneton off the dough. Sometime it takes a little coaxing. Use your fingers to gently work between the dough and basket. Hopefully the basket will lift away clean!
- Using a sharp razor blade, score the dough along the top. There are so many scoring patterns to practice with, but a good one to start with is a simple slash or a cross. Score the dough about 1/2 inch deep.
- Using baking gloves remove the Dutch oven from the oven and remove the lid.
- Working quickly pick up the boule by the parchment paper edges and place it into the Dutch oven on top of the parchment.
- If desired add a few ice cubes to the Dutch oven between the parchment and the wall of the Dutch oven, or spray the boule with a few spritzes of filtered water. Adding additional moisture will keep the crust soft allowing for more rise and give a nice blistered texture and appearance.
- Cover the Dutch oven and place it back in your preheated oven. Bake undisturbed for 25 minutes!
- Open your oven and remove the Dutch oven lid. Bake an additional 15 minutes!
- Remove your Dutch oven from the oven and gently lift the boule out using the parchment paper as handles. Remove the parchment paper and cool the boule on a wire rack. Cool the boule completely before cutting (possibly the hardest part of baking this incredible loaf of bread!).
Beginners: Start with 275g water, about 1 1/5th cups.
Also note that all cups and spoons measurements are approximate, for best results please weigh your ingredients!
This recipe yields a boule that has a hydration percentage of 73.3%
Higher hydration doughs will have a more open crumb (bigger holes). Want to play around with hydration? Use this website to calculate the hydration percentage of your dough! Bread Hydration and Conversion Calculator
Because you are awesome and read all the way to the bottom of this post you get my “Pro Tips” for this recipe!
Pro Tip #1 You can use up to 60% whole wheat or other heirloom or ancient grain in this recipe. But be aware that you may want to add additional water because whole grains absorb more water in the dough. Start with 10 additional grams of water per 50 grams of whole grain flour used.
Pro Tip #2 If you are baking in an electric or gas oven with a bottom heating element, always use a baking stone, pizza stone, cast iron griddle or cast iron frying pan on the rack below your Dutch oven! Position the Dutch oven directly above the barrier pan or stone, this will help keep the bottom crust from getting too dark!